子宮頸癌疫苗-GARDASIL 9疫苗資訊

子宮頸癌疫苗-GARDASIL 9疫苗資訊

 

What is GARDASIL 9? 

GARDASIL 9 is a vaccine (injection/shot) given to individuals above 9 years of age to help protecting against diseases caused by some types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). 

什麼是GARDASIL 9?

GARDASIL 9是一種適合9歲以上人士接種的預防疫苗,能預防由人類乳頭狀瘤病毒(HPV)引起的疾病。

What diseases can GARDASIL 9 help protecting against? 

In women above 9 years of age, GARDASIL 9 helps protecting against: 

  • Cervical cancer 
  • Vulvar and vaginal cancers
  • Anal cancer
  • Precancerous cervical, vulvar, vaginal and anal lesions 
  • Genital warts 

In men above 9 years of age, GARDASIL 9 helps protecting against: 

  • Anal cancer 
  • Precancerous anal lesions 
  • Genital warts 

These diseases have many causes. Most of the time, these diseases are caused by nine types of HPV: HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58. GARDASIL 9 only protects against diseases caused by these nine types of HPV. 

People cannot get HPV or any of these diseases from GARDASIL 9.

GARDASIL 9能預防哪些疾病?

在9歲以上女性中,GARDASIL 9有助於預防:

  • 宮頸癌
  • 外陰和陰道癌
  • 肛門癌
  • 癌前宮頸,外陰,陰道和肛門病變
  • 生殖器疣

在9歲以上男性中,GARDASIL 9有助於預防:

  • 肛門癌
  • 癌前肛門病變
  • 生殖器疣

能引起這些疾病的原因有許多。在大多數情況下,這些疾病是由9種HPV引起的:HPV 6、11、16、18、31、33、45、52和58型,而GARDASIL 9僅能預防由這9種HPV引起的疾病。

接種人士不會從GARDASIL 9中感染HPV或由HPV引起的疾病。

What important information about GARDASIL 9 should I know?

Gardasil can be administered according to a 3-dose (0, 2, 6 months) schedule. All three doses should be given within a 1-year-period.

Does not remove the need for cervical cancer screening; women should still get routine cervical cancer screening.

Does not protect the person getting GARDASIL 9 from a disease that is caused by other types of HPV, other viruses or bacteria.

Does not treat HPV infection.

Does not protect the person getting GARDASIL 9 from HPV types that he/she may already have.

關於GARDASIL 9的重要資訊 

建議接種3針疫苗,時程為第0、2、6個月,3針疫苗建議於一年內完成接種。

接種HPV疫苗後,婦女仍需要定期進行常規子宮頸癌篩查。 

GARDASIL 9無法預防HPV疫苗沒有包含的其他HPV類型病毒、其他病毒或細菌。

GARDASIL 9亦不能用作治療HPV感染。

GARDASIL 9不能清除已經帶有的HPV感染。

Who should get HPV vaccination?

HPV vaccines work best for women who have never been exposed to HPV infection. Therefore, they should work best in women who have not started sexual activities. In women who have had sexual activities, the effectiveness varies. Please consult your doctor for further information.

誰人適合接種HPV疫苗?

HPV疫苗的功效,對從未感染HPV的人士最為顯著,因此,HPV疫苗最適合仍未開始性行為的人士。對於已有性行為的人,疫苗的功效因人而異。詳情請向你的醫生查詢。

Who should not get GARDASIL 9?

Anyone with an allergic reaction to:

  • A previous dose of GARDASIL 9
  • A previous dose of GARDASIL®
  • Yeast (severe allergic reaction)
  • Amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate
  • Polysorbate 80

誰不應接種GARDASIL 9?

對以下成份有過敏反應的人:

  • GARDASIL 9
  • GARDASIL®
  • 酵母(嚴重的過敏反應)
  • 無定形羥基磷酸鋁硫酸鹽
  • 聚山梨酯80

Are HPV vaccines safe for pregnant women?

Because of limited data, HPV vaccines are not recommended for pregnant women. Pregnant women should consult their doctors for any queries.

孕婦接種HPV疫苗是否安全?

鑑於有限資料,建議懷孕婦女不應接種HPV疫苗。如有疑問,孕婦應向醫生查詢。

What are the possible side effects of GARDASIL 9?

The most common side effects seen with GARDASIL 9 are:

  • pain, swelling, redness, itching, bruising, bleeding, and a lump where you got the shot
  • headache
  • fever
  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • tiredness
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal pain
  • sore throat

GARDASIL 9可能有哪些副作用?

GARDASIL 9最常見的副作用是:

  • 在打針位置上出現疼痛、腫脹、發紅、發癢、淤青、流血或有腫塊
  • 頭痛
  • 發熱
  • 噁心
  • 頭暈
  • 疲倦
  • 腹瀉
  • 腹痛
  • 咽喉痛

 

Reference資料來源:

GARDASIL9 information sheet

Macau Health Bureau